BRAIN INJURY INFORMATION
A Few Facts About Brain Injury:
- According to the Centers for Disease Control *An estimated 5.3 million Americans live with a disability caused by a brain injury.
- Each year in the United States an estimated 50 thousand people die as a result of a traumatic brain injury (TBI). 1.5 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury: 8 times the number of
people with breast cancer & 34 times the number of
new cases of HIV/AIDS.
- Each year, bicycle crashes account for 567,000 people in emergency departments. About 350,000
are children under the age of 15. Of the children,
130,000 sustain brain injuries.
- Between 70% and 80% of fatal bicycle crashes
involve brain injuries.
- 90% of bicycle-related deaths involve motor
- Males are 6 times more likely to die in bicycle
crashes than females.
- Almost ½ of all bicycle crashes occur in
driveways or on sidewalks.
- In 1997, 97% of bicyclists killed were not wearing a helmet
- Medical research shows that 85% of brain
injuries from cycling can be prevented by
wearing a bicycle helmet.
- 1/2 of all cyclists wear a helmet regularly, which
is the most effective protection against brain injury.
- Children who wear helmets usually have friends
or parents who wear bike helmets.
- Universal use of bicycle helmets could prevent
one brain injury every 4 minutes.
- Brain injury is the leading cause of death in
- A recent NHTSA study showed that motorcycle
helmets were 67% effective in preventing brain
- One motorcyclist who sustains a brain injury can
cost a state more then $2 million for care and
support services over a lifetime.
- More than 80% of motorcycle crashes result in
injury or death to the motorcyclist.
Motor Vehicle Safety:
- Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of
death for teens and young adults 15 to 20.
- Seat belts are 57% effective in preventing
traumatic or fatal brain injuries.
- Brain and chest injuries are the most frequent
cause of death in crashes without seatbelts.
- According to the NHTSA, over the past 10 years,
seat belts have prevented around 55,600 deaths,
1,300,000 injuries and saved more than $105
billion in economic costs.
- Air bags, combined with lap/shoulder safety belts,
offer the most effective protection for vehicle
- Always put infants and children under 12 in the
back seat. And be sure to have rear-facing child
safety seat installed properly.
- Never put an infant in the front seat of a vehicle
equipped with a passenger-side air bag, as it may
result in severe injury to the child.
- Transportation related injuries are the leading
cause of brain injury.
( NHTSA - National Highway Traffic Safety
Causes by percentage:
20% motor vehicle accidents
19% struck by objects or against objects
Falls and being struck or striking an object frequently occur during sporting activities. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, during 2007 the following numbers represent an accurate estimation of the number of sports related head injuries seen in hospital emergency rooms:
Baseball and Softball: 25,079
Powered Recreational Vehicles (ATVs, Dune Buggies, Go-Carts, Mini bikes, Off-road): 24,090
Skateboards/Scooters (Powered): 18,542
Winter Sports (Skiing, Sledding, Snowboarding, Snowmobiling): 16,120
Water Sports (Diving, Scuba Diving, Surfing, Swimming, Water Polo, Water Skiing): 12,096
Horseback Riding: 11,759
Health Club (Exercise, Weightlifting): 11,550
Ice Skating: 3,703
The top 10 head injury categories among children ages 14 and younger:
Baseball and Softball: 13,508
Skateboards/Scooters (Powered): 11,848
Winter Sports: 7,546
Powered Recreational Vehicles: 7,460
Water Sports: 6,498
Hinds Feet Farm
Brain Injury Association of America
Brain Injury Association of North Carolina
Brain Injury Association of America's National Family Helpline 800-444-6443